Autumn: Mar. Climate of Peru describes the diverse climates of this large South American country with an area of 1,285,216 km2 (496,225 sq mi). Matucana, 80 km (50 mi) inland at an elevation of 2,464 m (8,084 ft) gets 479 mm (18.9 in) of precipitation. Chimbote Even in the driest month there is a lot of rain. Huaraz Climate Chart » Lima-Callao Climate Chart. [12], Apart from the irrigated agriculture in 57 river valleys coming down from the Andes and passing through the desert en route to the ocean,[13] the coastal desert is almost without vegetation. Iquitos current conditions, weather forecast and climate chart (temperature and humidity). Historical or past weather forecast page provides historical weather forecast from 1 st July, 2008 till now in 3 hourly interval. The driest months are in the Austral winter of June through August. [4], The dividing line between the Amazon and Andean climates is uncertain, but depends mostly on elevation. In Caral, the average annual temperature is 18.6 °C | 65.5 °F. The climate in the "ceja de montana" varies with the elevation from temperate to tropical. Iquitos weather conditions, average/minimum/maximum temperature, humidity variation graphs. [24] The following table summarizes climatic statistics for cities in the Andes mountain region. Elevations above sea level in the country range from −37 metres (−121 ft) to 6,788 metres (22,270 ft) and precipitation ranges from less than 20 millimetres (0.79 in) annually to more than 8,000 millimetres (310 in). The desert coast of Peru has 52 percent of Peru's population on 12 percent of its land area[32] and is especially vulnerable to fluctuations in its water supply, nearly all of which comes from rivers originating in the Andes. Cusco Tarapoto The climate in Ayacucho is comfortable and overcast. Current Conditions* (Thursday, December 5, 2019 at 04:00 America/Lima time) * This station stopped sending updates, so the data below might be obsolete. Read about how we use cookies. [29], Climatic statistics cited in this article are for the period 1982-2012 and may become inaccurate in the future because of climate change and global warming. The desert strip along the Pacific is narrow, at its widest about 120 km (75 mi) before the land climbs into the Andes and precipitation increases with elevation. Pucallpa (Am) has only one month that falls below that threshold; Puerto Esperanza (Aw) has three months below the Af threshold. Precipitation here is about 811 mm | 31.9 inch per year. The cold water, especially in the Austral winter from May to November, cause an inversion, the air near the ocean surface being cooler than the air above, contrary to most climatic situations. Pucallpa Cajamarca Even in the driest month there is a lot of rain. A few locations at elevations similar to Oxapampa have a pronounced dry season and are classified as Cwb (sub-tropical with a dry winter), rather than Cfb.[26][4]. Pasco 21 (the rainy season in the highlands and jungle).. Because Peru has such a diverse geography the climate can be varied per region. Talara Climate and Average Weather in Peru. Callao The steep slopes and the sharp changes in elevation result in a large number of microclimates in which a change of location of a few kilometres can result in major climatic changes. The climate here is classified as Cwb by the Köppen-Geiger system. Peru is located entirely in the tropics but features desert and mountain climates as well as tropical rain forests. OK Comments Membership info Register new Login A climate graph showing rainfall, temperatures and normals. This is a difficult question to answer as the climate of Peru is incredible diverse, with a large variety of climates and micro-climates, including 28 of the 32 world climates. Chachapoyas. The temperature here averages 18.4 °C | 65.2 °F. [3][4] The relatively low temperatures of the Peruvian coastal desert are caused by the cold Humboldt Current. The Climate Change Knowledge Portal is a hub of information, data and reports about climate change around the world. Temperature in Peru decreased to 20.78 celsius in December from 21.07 celsius in November of 2015. Puno The annual rainfall is 782 mm | 30.8 inch. Peru weather averages and climate Peru, New York. Oxapampa is a city with a significant rainfall. [1], The following table summarizes climatic statistics for cities in the north, central, and southern parts of the coastal desert, A characteristic of the Peruvian coastal desert is low average temperatures despite its tropical latitudes. Huancavelica Please also visit Lima Historical Weather, Weather widget and Weather Charts pages. Loreto Ocean water temperatures in Lima in September, the coldest month, are as low as 14.4 °C (57.9 °F) similar to water temperatures near Los Angeles during its winter months. The climate here is classified as Cfb by the Köppen-Geiger system. Tumbes The desert coast 2. There are three main climatic regions: the Pacific Ocean coast is one of the driest deserts in the world but with some unique features; the high Andes mountains have a variety of microclimates depending on elevation and exposure and with temperatures and precipitation from temperate to polar and wet to dry; and the Amazon Basin has tropical climates, mostly with abundant precipitation, along with sub-tropical climates in elevations above 1,550 metres (5,090 ft). The climate here is mild, and generally warm and temperate. Chiclayo Chachapoyas has a significant amount of rainfall during the year. In the austral summer from December to April, the weather is mostly sunny. In a year, the rainfall is 19 mm | 0.7 inch. Lambayeque The average temperature in Chachapoyas is 15.6 °C | 60.1 °F. Extreme weather events, including drought and flood, are anticipated to become more frequent. The weather in Peru varies according to area – the changes in altitude are so extreme that the climate goes from freezing snow in the mountains to boiling sun on the coast. Average monthly temperatures and weather for Cusco , peru. La Libertad Temperature in Peru averaged 19.94 celsius from 1855 until 2015, reaching an all time high of 22.72 celsius in February of 1998 and a record low of 17.32 celsius in June of 1893. During the winter (June to October), the city is often covered with adense fog [drizzle-like], which often lasts all day (locally known as' garúa) with temperatures between 12 and 15 … Ucayali, Lima The average temperature in Nuevo Tingo is 17.6 °C | 63.6 °F. In a year, the rainfall is 1411 mm | 55.6 inch. Compensating for the lack of a freeze-free growing season at elevations above 3,000 metres (9,800 ft), indigenous farmers up until the 21st century have sought out micro-climates and used techniques such as Andenes (terraces) and Waru Waru (raised beds) to capture and store heat and permit hardy crops such as potatoes to grow up to 4,050 metres (13,290 ft) in elevation. In a year, the rainfall is 1408 mm | 55.4 inch. Peru can be divided into three basic climate regions: 1. Monthly temperature, precipitation and hours of sunshine. Cusco In Oxapampa, the climate is warm and temperate. During the Austral winter, the trade winds blow thick stratus clouds inland over coastal areas up to an elevation of 1,000 metres (3,300 ft) and the dense fog coalesces into drizzle and mist. Peru is home to 71 percent of the world's tropical glaciers and since 1970 glacial volume has decreased by 40 percent. Weather in April » In general the western slopes of the Andres, facing the Pacific Ocean, are drier than the eastern slopes. El Niño brings warmer and sunnier weather to the coasts of Peru than normal. Climate of Peru describes the diverse climates of this large South American country with an area of 1,285,216 km (496,225 sq mi). In winter, there is much less rainfall than in summer. Get the latest coronavirus (COVID-19) updates for Peru with current travel advice, statistics and online resources.. Below are average maximum temperatures at popular destinations in Peru for next month - January. Climate data and weather averages in Iquitos. The Köppen-Geiger climate classification is Cfb. Mollendo The mountains/highlands 3. Many times we are getting questions from our visitor on how the weather will be in a specific region of the country during their visit. Average rainfall & rainy days. In Caral, there is virtually no rainfall during the year. Peruvian Instituto Geografico Militar 1:100, 000 map series published in Lima, various dates from 1950's to present, Sheets 18-h, 19-h, 19-i, 20-i, 21-j, 27-q, 28-t, 28-u, 30-y, 31-q, 32-q, 32-s and 33-s cover the 6000m peaks of Peru. OK Comments Membership info Register new Login The Köppen-Geiger climate classification is Cfb. The graph below shows the average rainfall and number of rainy days per month. This location is classified as BWh by Köppen and Geiger. Huánuco Based on weather reports collected during 1985–2015. Thunderstorms and other, more extreme, storm weather like hail and high winds, are more frequent at the start of the wet season. There are three main climatic regions: the Pacific Ocean Sicuani Many areas of Peru depend upon glacial melt for water for consumption, irrigation, and industry. Piura 22 - Jun. The Andes, with elevations almost entirely above 2,000 metres (6,600 ft) and mostly above 3,000 metres (9,800 ft), rise above the desert to the west and the tropical rain forest to the east. Lima, Peru: Annual Weather Averages February is the hottest month in Lima with an average temperature of 23.5°C (74°F) and the coldest is August at 17°C (63°F) with the most daily sunshine hours at 7 in April. Latitude=-12, Longitude=-77.12 Peru climate guide. The common precipitation regime of the Andes is a rainy Austral summer season from October to April and a dry Austral winter from May to September. Ayacucho [19] The temperature decline with increasing elevation is less than the average on the Pacific coast side of the Andes because of the unusually low temperature of the fog-bound coast. This page includes a chart with historical data for Peru Average Precipitation. [16] The mountain climates are cool, often cold, with varied precipitation depending upon exposure. [33], sfn error: no target: CITEREF"Peru_Climate" (, Rundel, P. W., Dillion, M.O., Palma, B., Mooney, H.A., Gulmon, S. L., and Ehleringer, J. R., "The Phytogeography and Ecology of the Coastal Atacama and Peruvian Deserts," In, Pozorski, Shelia and Pozorski, Thomas, (2006a), Dillon, Michael O., "The Solanaceae of the Lomas Formations of Coastal Peru and Chile," www.sacha.org/solanaceae/lomas_solanaceae.pdf, accessed 17 Jul 2017, "South America, Site SA42, Lomas Formations, Peru". This website uses cookies. Machu Picchu has a subtropical highland type of climate (Köppen climate classification Cwb) with wet and humid summers and dry and frosty winters. [15], The chain of mountains called the Andes, comprising 34 percent of the national territory, runs the length of Peru, a narrow 80 kilometres (50 mi) wide at the Ecuadorian border in the north and 350 kilometres (220 mi) wide in the south along the border with Bolivia. 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